How wild swimming can help people with PTSD
Post-traumatic stress disorder is a different experience for everyone, making it important to find the therapies and support that best suit you when working towards sustainable recovery.
The one thing that’s universal is the need to ‘take the plunge’ and find activities that improve symptom management, and which make you feel stronger and more resilient. We have covered lots of options and ideas on this website.
One of the less-known ways to help manage PTSD symptoms is to literally take the plunge by joining the increasingly popular wild swimming movement.
What is wild swimming?
Any kind of physical activity releases hormones that can boost mood. Exercise also improves your health and makes you tired, which promotes better sleep patterns. This includes swimming lengths at your local leisure centre or joining a swimming club to combine physical activity with social interaction.
However, being in a noisy public pool and walking around in swimwear in front of others is certainly not for everyone! In fact, this situation could escalate your anxiety, and be an echo chamber for sounds that trigger extreme PTSD-related reactions.
Wild swimming offers you a way to enjoy exercising in water in a far more private and peaceful way. It could be in the sea, or a lake, river or sizeable pond. There are even waterfalls in the UK where wild swimming is possible.
How can wild swimming help people with PTSD?
“Exercise makes us happy. When you increase your heart rate by exercising, your brain recognises it as stress. Your body responds by releasing a protein called Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF), which helps protect and repair your memory neurons. At the same time, you release endorphins which block the discomfort of exercise and make you feel euphoric.
Exercising outdoors is even more effective. In 2015, researchers studied the effect of exercise with simulated views of natural environments. A group of post-menopausal women were asked to do 15 minutes on an exercise bike while facing either a blank wall (control) or watching project videos of urban (grey), countryside (green) or coast (blue) environments. The test showed the most positive psychological results in the women who exercised in front of the blue video.
Bring together those three elements, camaraderie, exercise and blue views, and you start to understand why swimming outdoors has such a profound effect on our sense of wellbeing. But more recent research is starting to expand theories there are also physiological benefits from the cold water itself.”
Cold water therapy
Apart from a sense of adventure and a connection to nature, swimming in open waters is a form of cold water therapy. This has been found to be highly beneficial in treating anxiety, depression and other mental health issues.
In September 2018, the British Medical Journal published a case report about the theories around cold water adaptation as a treatment for depression, and the findings are very important as part of understanding how it can help people wth PTSD too. “The theory is around our stress response and inflammation. Immersing yourself in cold water puts your body into fight or flight mode. Starting with the cold-water shock response, dipping into cold water puts your body under stress. As you repeat this experience, you diminish this stress response.” Obviously, for people with PTSD, having some degree of control on your stress response can be hugely beneficial.
“This diminished stress response is about activating the parasympathetic nervous system. Known as the ‘rest and digest’ system, the parasympathetic nervous system is responsible for slowing your heart rate and increasing intestinal and gland activity.
A key part of this system is the vagus nerve, which connects your brain to organs including your heart and lungs. It’s the tone of this vagus nerve that relates to mental health; if you have high vagal tone, your parasympathetic nervous system is working and that means that your body can relax faster after stress. One way in which you can stimulate the vagus nerve and increase vagal tone is through cold water adaption. And this has been shown to help a range of mental health and nervous conditions from depression and anxiety to chronic fatigue, tinnitus and Alzheimer’s.”
In addition, cold water exposure increases metabolism, boosts alertness and creates a rush of adrenaline. Participants describe feeling fresh and ‘truly alive”.
For an anecdotal viewpoint, you could watch this video: https://fb.watch/5o-MwWOs6Q/
The simple act of floating or swimming in repetitive movements can bring a great sense of calm too.
Important safety information
The whole point of wild swimming is that it brings a sense of adventure, and gets you out in the natural world, away from everyday pressures and triggers.
That doesn’t mean you can dive into any body of water, without a backward glance!
You must be very conscious of the safety issues involved. This includes the tide times along the British coast, and any spots notorious for fast currents and rip tides. There are also bodies of water in the UK such as reservoirs where swimming is dangerous!
Also, please be careful not to trespass on private land.
Finding wild swimming locations
There are organisations you can join and online guides to help you find the best, safest places to swim in the open.
Alternatively, there are companies who can take you on coastal orienteering and wild swimming expeditions, if you like safety in numbers!
Or, explore your nearest coastal resort for groups of people who swim in the sea daily. They are always happy for people to join them.
If you’re thinking about trying cold water swimming, these tips from Outdoorswimmer.com are a great starting point:
- Join a local group for safety and that all-important camaraderie. Start now and dip at least once a week to stay acclimatised
- Get in quickly – it takes 90-120 seconds for the initial cold-water shock to wear off
- Never jump in – hyperventilating underwater is bad!
- Gently exhale as you enter the water
- Listen to your body and don’t stay in for too long
- Bring layers, a warm drink and a hat for afterwards
The rewards of wild swimming are clear to see, including exercising in the fresh air, making a connection with the natural world, and challenging yourself. Just remember, if you are going wild, tell people where you’re going and please put safety first!
It’s important to note, that while choosing your PTSD recovery path you need to address both the symptoms and the underlying condition. NICE guidance updated in 2018 recommends the use of trauma focused psychological treatments for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder in adults, specifically the use of Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprocessing (EMDR) and trauma focused cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT).
Please remember, these aren’t meant to be medical recommendations, but they’re tactics that have worked for others and might work for you, too. Be sure to work with a professional to find the best methods for you.
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Treatments for PTSD
It is possible for PTSD to be successfully treated many years after the traumatic event occurred, which means it is never too late to seek help. For some, the first step may be watchful waiting, then exploring therapeutic options such as individual or group therapy – but the main treatment options in the UK are psychological treatments such as Eye Movement Desensitisation Reprogramming (EMDR) and Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT).
Traumatic events can be very difficult to come to terms with, but confronting and understanding your feelings and seeking professional help is often the only way of effectively treating PTSD. You can find out more in the links below, or here.